Knowledge policies in worlds facing crises

Controversies and polemics have become omnipresent modalities of the relationship to knowledge in modern societies: from their trivial form (fake news on social networks) to their purified form (peer-to-peer debate in the confined world of science), they vary today under a multitude of dynamics. The epistemic ruptures of climate change, health crises or the proliferation of “big data”, on the one hand, the growing distrust of certain governments and political movements towards scientific institutions, on the other hand, call for the reinvestment of questions in the core of STS on the production of knowledge and the socio-political inscription of expertise.

The CSI is interested in the production of knowledge in the face of the climate crisis, and more particularly in the production of greenhouse gas emission scenarios designed to inform and assess climate policies and energy transition. This domain of expertise puts to the test the perimeters and assumptions of economic calculations as well as the links between scientific disciplines; it also upsets the relationship between scientific expertise and political deliberations.

In another vein, several CSI works tackle the disruptions caused by the rise of the open source and hacking communities. On the one hand, they question the way in which ethical issues are renewed by the amateur practice of science, particularly in biology. On the other hand, they seek to grasp the potential transformations in the organization of knowledge production, evaluation and circulation that could result from the integration, through science policies, of requirements for sharing results and data.

Beyond the field of scientific production strictly speaking, the CSI studies how a diversity of actors develop knowledge as a ground for action. In the wake of researches focused on organizations of patients, lay people or amateurs, new research is looking at institutional actors such as the World Bank, led to recreate its expertise, and public authorities, anxious to implement “evidence-based” policies.

Projects:

Innovation au CNRS

Espace d’actionnabilité de Données en Oncologie / Data landscapes and actionability in precision oncology (Espadon)

Fichiers et Témoins Génétiques (FiTeGe) / Genetic Databases and Witnesses: Genealogy, Social issues, Circulation

From Target Identification to Next Generation Therapies for Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases (TRT-CSVD)

HyTrend

Construire un outil bibliographique/métrique pour la science ouverte (Matilda)

PhD theses:

Félix Boilève, Concevoir et fabriquer la compétitivité en Afrique de l’Ouest : enquête sur les interventions d’aide au développement / Design and making of competitiveness in West Africa: Following some development aid interventions

Quentin Dufour, L’objectivation comptable de l’économie nationale : Enquête sur la fabrique du PIB et des comptes nationaux français / The accounting objectification of the National Economy : An inquiry into the French GDP and national accounts production process

Mathieu Rajaoba, Recherche et innovations en agriculture de précision. Enquête de sociologie numérique / Dataland. The politics of digital agriculture in France

Sophie Tabouret, Une viticulture sans pesticide ? Analyse des trajectoires et des controverses autour des innovations génétiques en Vigne / A pesticide-free viticulture? Analysis of the trajectories and controversies on varietal innovations

Post-doc:

Florian Jaton, Designing ‘ground truths’ in asset management firms: An inquiry into algorithmic finance

Publications:

David Pontille, Didier Torny, 2017, Beyond Fact Checking: Reconsidering the Status of Truth of Published Articles

Vololona Rabeharisoa, 2017, La multiplicité des connaissances et le tremblement des institutions

Vololona Rabeharisoa, Tiago Moreira, Madeleine Akrich, 2014, Evidence-based activism: Patients’, users’ and activists’ groups in knowledge society